PHP 5.6.0RC3 is available

Local transactions

The current version of the plugin is not transaction safe by default, because it is not aware of running transactions in all cases. SQL transactions are units of work to be run on a single server. The plugin does not always know when the unit of work starts and when it ends. Therefore, the plugin may decide to switch connections in the middle of a transaction.

No kind of MySQL load balancer can detect transaction boundaries without any kind of hint from the application.

You can either use SQL hints to work around this limitation. Alternatively, you can activate transaction API call monitoring. In the latter case you must use API calls only to control transactions, see below.

Example #1 Plugin config with one slave and one master

[myapp]
{
    "myapp": {
        "master": {
            "master_0": {
                "host": "localhost",
                "socket": "\/tmp\/mysql.sock"
            }
        },
        "slave": {
            "slave_0": {
                "host": "192.168.2.27",
                "port": "3306"
            }
        }
    }
}

Example #2 Using SQL hints for transactions

<?php
$mysqli 
= new mysqli("myapp""username""password""database");
if (!
$mysqli)
  
/* Of course, your error handling is nicer... */
  
die(sprintf("[%d] %s\n"mysqli_connect_errno(), mysqli_connect_error()));

/* Not a SELECT, will use master */
if (!$mysqli->query("START TRANSACTION")) {
 
/* Please use better error handling in your code */
 
die(sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}

/* Prevent connection switch! */
if (!$mysqli->query(sprintf("/*%s*/INSERT INTO test(id) VALUES (1)"MYSQLND_MS_LAST_USED_SWITCH)))) {
 
/* Please do proper ROLLBACK in your code, don't just die */
 
die(sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}
if (
$res $mysqli->query(sprintf("/*%s*/SELECT COUNT(*) AS _num FROM test"MYSQLND_MS_LAST_USED_SWITCH)))) {
  
$row $res->fetch_assoc();
  
$res->close();
  if (
$row['_num'] > 1000) {
   if (!
$mysqli->query(sprintf("/*%s*/INSERT INTO events(task) VALUES ('cleanup')"MYSQLND_MS_LAST_USED_SWITCH)))) {
     die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
   }
  }
} else {
 die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}
if (!
$mysqli->query(sprintf("/*%s*/UPDATE log SET last_update = NOW()"MYSQLND_MS_LAST_USED_SWITCH)))) {
 die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}
if (!
$mysqli->query(sprintf("/*%s*/COMMIT"MYSQLND_MS_LAST_USED_SWITCH)))) {
 die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}

$mysqli->close();
?>

Starting with PHP 5.4.0, the mysqlnd library allows the plugin to monitor the status of the autocommit mode, if the mode is set by API calls instead of using SQL statements such as SET AUTOCOMMIT=0. This makes it possible for the plugin to become transaction aware. In this case, you do not need to use SQL hints.

If using PHP 5.4.0 or newer, API calls that enable autocommit mode, and when setting the plugin configuration option trx_stickiness=master, the plugin can automatically disable load balancing and connection switches for SQL transactions. In this configuration, the plugin stops load balancing if autocommit is disabled and directs all statements to the master. This prevents connection switches in the middle of a transaction. Once autocommit is re-enabled, the plugin starts to load balance statements again.

API based transaction boundary detection has been improved with PHP 5.5.0 and PECL/mysqlnd_ms 1.5.0 to cover not only calls to mysqli_autocommit() but also mysqli_begin(), mysqli_commit() and mysqli_rollback().

Example #3 Transaction aware load balancing: trx_stickiness setting

{
    "myapp": {
        "master": {
            "master_0": {
                "host": "localhost",
                "socket": "\/tmp\/mysql.sock"
            }
        },
        "slave": {
            "slave_0": {
                "host": "127.0.0.1",
                "port": "3306"
            }
        },
        "trx_stickiness": "master"
    }
}

Example #4 Transaction aware

<?php
$mysqli 
= new mysqli("myapp""username""password""database");
if (!
$mysqli)
  
/* Of course, your error handling is nicer... */
  
die(sprintf("[%d] %s\n"mysqli_connect_errno(), mysqli_connect_error()));

/* Disable autocommit, plugin will run all statements on the master */
$mysqli->autocommit(FALSE);

if (!
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO test(id) VALUES (1)")) {
 
/* Please do proper ROLLBACK in your code, don't just die */
 
die(sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}
if (
$res $mysqli->query("SELECT COUNT(*) AS _num FROM test")) {
  
$row $res->fetch_assoc();
  
$res->close();
  if (
$row['_num'] > 1000) {
   if (!
$mysqli->query("INSERT INTO events(task) VALUES ('cleanup')")) {
     die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
   }
  }
} else {
 die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}
if (!
$mysqli->query("UPDATE log SET last_update = NOW()")) {
 die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}
if (!
$mysqli->commit()) {
 die(
sprintf("[%d] %s\n"$mysqli->errno$mysqli->error));
}

/* Plugin assumes that the transaction has ended and starts load balancing again */
$mysqli->autocommit(TRUE);
$mysqli->close();
?>

Note: Version requirement

The plugin configuration option trx_stickiness=master requires PHP 5.4.0 or newer.

Please note the restrictions outlined in the transaction handling concepts section.

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