vsprintf

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5)

vsprintfReturn a formatted string

Description

string vsprintf ( string $format , array $args )

Operates as sprintf() but accepts an array of arguments, rather than a variable number of arguments.

Parameters

format

See sprintf() for a description of format.

args

Return Values

Return array values as a formatted string according to format (which is described in the documentation for sprintf()).

Examples

Example #1 vsprintf(): zero-padded integers

<?php
print vsprintf("%04d-%02d-%02d"explode('-''1988-8-1')); // 1988-08-01
?>

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 12 notes

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4
www dot wesley at gmail dot com
6 years ago
vnsprintf is equal to vsprintf except for associative, signed or floating keys.

vnsprintf supports for example "%assocKey$05d", "%-2$'+10s" and "%3.2$05u", vsprintf doesn't

vnsprintf( '%2$d', $array) [2nd value] is equal to vsprintf( '%2$d', $array) [2nd value]
vnsprintf( '%+2$d', $array) [key = 2] is equal to vnsprintf( '%2.0$d', $array) [key = 2]
vnsprintf( '%+2$d', $array) [key = 2] is different of vsprintf( '%+2$d', $array) [unsupported]

When you use signed or floating keys, vnsprintf searchs for the signed truncated key of the original array

NoteĀ¹: vnsprintf does not support for example "%someKeyf" (floating number, key = someKey) or "%+03d" (signed decimal number, key = 3), you should use "%someKey$f" or "%+03$d" respectively.
NoteĀ²: "%+03d" (or "%1$+03d") will be interpreted as signed zero-padded decimal number

<?php
function vnsprintf( $format, array $data)
{
   
preg_match_all( '/ (?<!%) % ( (?: [[:alpha:]_-][[:alnum:]_-]* | ([-+])? [0-9]+ (?(2) (?:\.[0-9]+)? | \.[0-9]+ ) ) ) \$ [-+]? \'? .? -? [0-9]* (\.[0-9]+)? \w/x', $format, $match, PREG_SET_ORDER | PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE);
   
$offset = 0;
   
$keys = array_keys($data);
    foreach (
$match as &$value )
    {
        if ( (
$key = array_search( $value[1][0], $keys) ) !== FALSE || ( is_numeric( $value[1][0]) && ( $key = array_search( (int)$value[1][0], $keys) ) !== FALSE ) ) {
           
$len = strlen( $value[1][0]);
           
$format = substr_replace( $format, 1 + $key, $offset + $value[1][1], $len);
           
$offset -= $len - strlen( $key);
        }
    }
    return
vsprintf( $format, $data);
}

$examples = array(
   
2.8=>'positiveFloat',    // key = 2 , 1st value
   
-3=>'negativeInteger',    // key = -3 , 2nd value
   
'my_name'=>'someString'    // key = my_name , 3rd value
);

echo
vsprintf( "%%my_name\$s = '%my_name\$s'\n", $examples);    // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%my_name\$s = '%my_name\$s'\n", $examples);    // output : "someString"

echo vsprintf( "%%2.5\$s = '%2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%2.5\$s = '%2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "positiveFloat"

echo vsprintf( "%%+2.5\$s = '%+2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%+2.5\$s = '%+2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "positiveFloat"

echo vsprintf( "%%-3.2\$s = '%-3.2\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%-3.2\$s = '%-3.2\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "negativeInteger"

echo vsprintf( "%%2\$s = '%2\$s'\n", $examples);            // output : "negativeInteger"
echo vnsprintf( "%%2\$s = '%2\$s'\n", $examples);            // output : [= vsprintf]

echo vsprintf( "%%+2\$s = '%+2\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%+2\$s = '%+2\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "positiveFloat"

echo vsprintf( "%%-3\$s = '%-3\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%-3\$s = '%-3\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "negativeInteger"
?>
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3
Roadster
8 years ago
Please note: The same functionality (sortof) can be attained between version 4.0.4 and 4.1.0 using call_user_func_array.

Example:

call_user_func_array("sprintf", $arg)

First element of $arg is the format. This rescued me in a situation where version 4.1.0 wasn't available.
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2
dee jay simple zero07 at geemail dawt co
1 year ago
Using a heredoc with vprintf:

<?php
$string
= <<<THESTRING
I like the state of %1\$s <br />
I picked: %2\$d as a number, <br />
I also picked %2\$d as a number again <br />
%3\$s<br />
THESTRING;

$returnText = vprintf$string, array('Oregon','7','I Love Oregon')  );

echo
$returnText;
?>
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2
tbS dot P dot A dot M at S dot U dot K dot Staylorbarstow dot com
9 years ago
Simple but useful routine:

<?php
function vsprintf_iter($fmt,$data) {
    if (!
is_array($data)) return false;
   
$ret = '';
    foreach (
$data as $d) {
       
$ret .= vsprintf($fmt,$d);
    }
    return
$ret;
}
?>
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2
Josef Kufner
2 years ago
<?php
/**
* Like vsprintf, but accepts $args keys instead of order index.
* Both numeric and strings matching /[a-zA-Z0-9_-]+/ are allowed.
*
* Example: vskprintf('y = %y$d, x = %x$1.1f', array('x' => 1, 'y' => 2))
* Result:  'y = 2, x = 1.0'
*
* $args also can be object, then it's properties are retrieved
* using get_object_vars().
*
* '%s' without argument name works fine too. Everything vsprintf() can do
* is supported.
*
* @author Josef Kufner <jkufner(at)gmail.com>
*/
function vksprintf($str, $args)
{
    if (
is_object($args)) {
       
$args = get_object_vars($args);
    }
   
$map = array_flip(array_keys($args));
   
$new_str = preg_replace_callback('/(^|[^%])%([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)\$/',
            function(
$m) use ($map) { return $m[1].'%'.($map[$m[2]] + 1).'$'; },
           
$str);
    return
vsprintf($new_str, $args);
}
?>
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2
jon at ardentcreative dot co dot uk
8 years ago
This can be used for quick and dirty internationalization:

<?php
$GLOBALS
['strings']['example'] = "There are %d people.";

// Loads a phrase from the translations list in lang/$lang/phrases.php
function t() {
   
$args = func_get_args();
   
$nArgs = func_num_args();
   
   
$phrase = array_shift($args);
   
$nArgs--;
   
    include_once(
"../lang/" . lang() . "/phrases.php");
    if (isset(
$GLOBALS['strings'][$phrase])) {
        return
vsprintf($GLOBALS['strings'][$phrase], $args);
    } else {
        return
'<span style="color: #ff0000">Untranslated string: ' . $phrase . '</span>';
    }
}
?>
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1
toneee at g mail dot com
8 years ago
I found this function to be useful for formatting sql queries.

I do something like this:

function sql_build($template, $params = array()) {
  global $sql_templates;
  if (isset($sql_templates[$template])) {
    $sql = vsprintf($sql_templates[$template], $params);
    return $sql;
  }
  return false;
}

// Fetch list of contacts, for a given section id
$sql_templates['contacts_by_section'] = <<<ENDSQL
select
  id,
  name,
  email, 
  address,
  photo_id
from
  contacts
where
  section_id = %d
ENDSQL;

You also give yourself an added layer of security on the sql due to the sprintf formatting. For example, using %d will not allow any sql injection for that parameter.
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1
jed at NOSPAM dot jed dot bz
10 years ago
vsprintf() accepts arrays with any keys, so the array_shift() technique is unnecessary when writing a printf-type function. Any parameters you require are easily unset from the array you retrieve with func_get_args():

<?php

function mysprintf($format) {
   
$args = func_get_args();
    unset(
$args[0]); /* get rid of "$format" */
   
return vsprintf($format, $args);
}

/* I use this technique in production code as follows: */
function logf($target, $string) {
   
$args = func_get_args();
    unset(
$args[0], $args[1]);
   
fprintf($GLOBALS['config']['logtargets'][$target],
       
"[%s] %s\n", date('H:i'), wordwrap(vsprintf($string, $args), 75, '\n\r '));
}

/* e.g.:
    logf(DEBUG, "Oops! %s", mysql_error());
*/

?>

array_shift() and other costly array operations aren't required, as far as I know. I could be wrong.
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0
thomas att familie dash flori dot de
2 years ago
Here is my example for named placeholders. It uses python like named placeholders except that it only allows /[a-z][a-zA-Z0-9_]/ for names.

<?php

/**
* Returns a formatted string. Accepts named arguments.
* @param string $format
* @param array $args
* @return string
**/
function vsprintfn($format, $args) {
   
// search format patterns
   
preg_match_all('/((?:^|[^%])(?:%%)*)%(\([a-z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\))?((\+|-)?(0| |\'.)?-?[0-9\.]*[bcdeEufFgGosxX])/', $format, $matches);
   
// determine the order of the arguments
   
$j = 0;
   
$order = array();
    foreach (
$matches[0] as $i => $match) {
        if (
$matches[2][$i] == '') {
           
$key = $j++;
        } else {
           
$key = substr($matches[2][$i],1,-1);
        }
       
$order[] = $key;
    }
   
// prepare the data array for vsprintf in the given order
   
$data = array();
    foreach (
$order as $key) {
        if (isset(
$args[$key])) {
           
$data[] = $args[$key];
        }
    }
   
// replace named format patterns with default format patterns
   
$format = preg_replace('/((?:^|[^%])(?:%%)*)%(\([a-z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\))((\+|-)?(0| |\'.)?-?[0-9\.]*[bcdeEufFgGosxX])/', '$1%$3', $format);
   
// return formatted string
   
return vsprintf($format, $data);
}

$exampleData = array(0=>2.2314123123,'test'=>2.1234883);
echo
vsprintfn('%%2.5f = %2.5f', $exampleData) . "\n";
echo
vsprintfn('%%(test)09.5f = %(test)\'%9.5f', $exampleData) . "\n";

?>
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0
strata_ranger at hotmail dot com
4 years ago
Here's a simple variation on vsprintf() suitable for use with database queries where the results were retrieved as an associative array keyed by column names.

<?php

function dbsprintf($format, $fields, $row)
// $format - sprintf() compatible format string
// $row - Array containing key/value pairs of data
// $fields - Array containing key names (from $row) that are to be used as arguments
{
 
// Loop through $fields and insert the corresponding values from $row
 
foreach($fields as &$value)
  {
   
$value = $row[$value];
  } unset(
$value);
 
 
// Format the string and return
 
return vsprintf($format, $fields);
}

// Some data
$row = Array('id' => '12', 'name' => 'World');

// Outputs "Hello World!"
echo dbsprintf('Hello, %s!', Array('name'), $row);
// Outputs "Hello 12!"
echo dbsprintf('Hello, %s!', Array('id'), $row);

?>
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0
jeppe dot dyrby at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Heres a new version of the vnsprintf function, i call it dsprintf, but that should matter.

<?php
function dsprintf() {
 
$data = func_get_args(); // get all the arguments
 
$string = array_shift($data); // the string is the first one
 
if (is_array(func_get_arg(1))) { // if the second one is an array, use that
   
$data = func_get_arg(1);
  }
 
$used_keys = array();
 
// get the matches, and feed them to our function
 
$string = preg_replace('/\%\((.*?)\)(.)/e',
   
'dsprintfMatch(\'$1\',\'$2\',\$data,$used_keys)',$string);
 
$data = array_diff_key($data,$used_keys); // diff the data with the used_keys
 
return vsprintf($string,$data); // yeah!
}

function
dsprintfMatch($m1,$m2,&$data,&$used_keys) {
  if (isset(
$data[$m1])) { // if the key is there
   
$str = $data[$m1];
   
$used_keys[$m1] = $m1; // dont unset it, it can be used multiple times
   
return sprintf("%".$m2,$str); // sprintf the string, so %s, or %d works like it should
 
} else {
    return
"%".$m2; // else, return a regular %s, or %d or whatever is used
 
}
}
$str = "Hello, %(place)s, how is it hanning at %(place)s? %s works just as well";
$find = array(
 
'place' => 'world',
 
'sprintf',
 
'not used'
);
echo
dsprintf($str, $find);
// 'Hello, world, how is it hanning at world? sprintf works just as well'
?>
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-1
samviseNOSPAM at hobbitonNOSPAM dot it
12 years ago
i wrote a short function that make use of vsprintf. It is useful in first coding/debugging of php scripts, because it is called like a simple printf and it display in italic (you can change it of course ;-) ) every debug messages, making it easy to remove them when your code is ready.

here goes :

<?php
function printd() {
       
$debug_array=func_get_args();
       
$debug_numargs=func_num_args();
       
$debug_fmt=$debug_array[0];
        for (
$i = 0 ; $i < $debug_numargs ; $i++ )
               
$debug_array[$i] = $debug_array[$i+1];
       
$debug_text=vsprintf($debug_fmt, $debug_array);
       
printf("--> debug <i>%s</i>\n",
               
$debug_text);
}
?>
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