mysql_list_tables

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_list_tablesList tables in a MySQL database

Warning

This function was deprecated in PHP 4.3.0, and will be removed in the future, along with the entirety of the original MySQL extension. Instead, the MySQLi or PDO_MySQL extension should be used. See also MySQL: choosing an API guide and related FAQ for more information. Alternatives to this function include:

  • SQL Query: SHOW TABLES FROM sometable

Description

resource mysql_list_tables ( string $database [, resource $link_identifier = NULL ] )

Retrieves a list of table names from a MySQL database.

This function is deprecated. It is preferable to use mysql_query() to issue an SQL SHOW TABLES [FROM db_name] [LIKE 'pattern'] statement instead.

Parameters

database

The name of the database

link_identifier

The MySQL connection. If the link identifier is not specified, the last link opened by mysql_connect() is assumed. If no such link is found, it will try to create one as if mysql_connect() was called with no arguments. If no connection is found or established, an E_WARNING level error is generated.

Return Values

A result pointer resource on success or FALSE on failure.

Use the mysql_tablename() function to traverse this result pointer, or any function for result tables, such as mysql_fetch_array().

Changelog

Version Description
4.3.7 This function became deprecated.

Examples

Example #1 mysql_list_tables() alternative example

<?php
$dbname 
'mysql_dbname';

if (!
mysql_connect('mysql_host''mysql_user''mysql_password')) {
    echo 
'Could not connect to mysql';
    exit;
}

$sql "SHOW TABLES FROM $dbname";
$result mysql_query($sql);

if (!
$result) {
    echo 
"DB Error, could not list tables\n";
    echo 
'MySQL Error: ' mysql_error();
    exit;
}

while (
$row mysql_fetch_row($result)) {
    echo 
"Table: {$row[0]}\n";
}

mysql_free_result($result);
?>

Notes

Note:

For backward compatibility, the following deprecated alias may be used: mysql_listtables()

See Also

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 13 notes

up
3
wbphfox at xs4all dot nl
11 years ago
Here is a way to show al the tables and have the function to drop them...

<?php

echo "<p align=\"left\">";
//this is the connection file for the database....
$connectfile = "connect.php";
require
$connectfile;

$dbname = 'DATABASE NAME';

$result = mysql_list_tables($dbname);

echo
"<table width=\"75%\" border=\"0\">";
echo 
"<tr bgcolor=\"#993333\"> ";
echo   
"<td><font face=\"Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif\" size=\"-1\" color=\"#FFFFFF\">Table name:</font></td>";
echo   
"<td><font face=\"Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif\" size=\"-1\" color=\"#FFFFFF\">Delete?</font></td>";
echo 
"</tr>";
 
    if (!
$result) {
        print
"DB Error, could not list tables\n";
        print
'MySQL Error: ' . mysql_error();
        exit;
    }
   
    while (
$row = mysql_fetch_row($result)) {
        echo
"<tr bgcolor=\"#CCCCCC\">";
echo   
"<td>";
           print
"$row[0]\n";
echo   
"</td>";

echo   
"<td>";
echo   
"<a href=\"$PHP_SELF?action=delete&table=";
         print
"$row[0]\n";
echo   
"\">Yes?</a>";

echo   
"</td>";

echo
"</tr>";
       
       
    }

   
mysql_free_result($result);

//Delete
if($action=="delete")
{
$deleteIt=mysql_query("DROP TABLE $table");
if(
$deleteIt)
{
echo
"The table \"";
echo
"$table\" has been deleted with succes!<br>";
}
else
{
echo
"An error has occured...please try again<br>";
}
}
 
?>
up
3
daevid at daevid dot com
12 years ago
I was in need of a way to create a database, complete with tables from a .sql file. Well, since PHP/mySQL doesn't allow that it seems, the next best idea was to create an empty template database and 'clone & rename it'. Guess what? There is no mysql_clone_db() function or any SQL 'CREATE DATABASE USING TEMPLATEDB' command. grrr...

So, this is the hack solution I came up with:

$V2DB = "V2_SL".$CompanyID;

$result = mysql_create_db($V2DB, $linkI);
if (!$result) $errorstring .= "Error creating ".$V2DB." database<BR>\n".mysql_errno($linkI).": ".mysql_error($linkI)."<BR>\n";

mysql_select_db ($V2DB, $linkI) or die ("Could not select ".$V2DB." Database");

//You must have already created the "V2_Template" database.
//This will make a clone of it, including data.

$tableResult = mysql_list_tables ("V2_Template");
while ($row = mysql_fetch_row($tableResult))
{
    $tsql = "CREATE TABLE ".$V2DB.".".$row[0]." AS SELECT * FROM V2_Template.".$row[0];
    echo $tsql."<BR>\n";
    $tresult = mysql_query($tsql,$linkI);
    if (!$tresult) $errorstring .= "Error creating ".$V2DB.".".$row[0]." table<BR>\n".mysql_errno($linkI).": ".mysql_error($linkI)."<BR>\n";
}
up
2
bimal at sanjaal dot com
2 years ago
A better alternative to mysql_list_tables() would be the following mysql_tables() function.

<?php
/**
* Better alternative to mysql_list_tables (deprecated)
*/
function mysql_tables($database='')
{
   
$tables = array();
   
$list_tables_sql = "SHOW TABLES FROM {$database};";
   
$result = mysql_query($list_tables_sql);
    if(
$result)
    while(
$table = mysql_fetch_row($result))
    {
       
$tables[] = $table[0];
    }
    return
$tables;
}

# Usage example
$tables = mysql_tables($database_local);
?>
up
1
thebitman at attbi dot com
12 years ago
okay everybody, the fastest, most accurate, safest method:

function mysql_table_exists($table, $link)
{
     $exists = mysql_query("SELECT 1 FROM `$table` LIMIT 0", $link);
      if ($exists) return true;
     return false;
}

Note the "LIMIT 0", I mean come on, people, can't get much faster than that! :)
As far as a query goes, this does absolutely nothing. But it has the ability to fail if the table doesnt exist, and that's all you need!
up
2
mrkvomail at centrum dot cz
9 years ago
You can also do this with function mysql_query(). It's better because mysql_list_tables is old function and you can stop showing errors.

function mysql_table_exists($dbLink, $database, $tableName)
{
   $tables = array();
   $tablesResult = mysql_query("SHOW TABLES FROM $database;", $dbLink);
   while ($row = mysql_fetch_row($tablesResult)) $tables[] = $row[0];
    if (!$result) {
    }
   return(in_array($tableName, $tables));
}
up
2
cdarklock at darklock dot com
12 years ago
Actually, the initially posted SELECT COUNT(*) approach is flawless. SELECT COUNT(*) will provide one and only one row in response unless you can't select from the table at all. Even a brand new (empty) table responds with one row to tell you there are 0 records.

While other approaches here are certainly functional, the major problem comes up when you want to do something like check a database to ensure that all the tables you need exist, as I needed to do earlier today. I wrote a function called tables_needed() that would take an array of table names -- $check -- and return either an array of tables that did not exist, or FALSE if they were all there. With mysql_list_tables(), I came up with this in the central block of code (after validating parameters, opening a connection, selecting a database, and doing what most people would call far too much error checking):

if($result=mysql_list_tables($dbase,$conn))
{   // $count is the number of tables in the database
    $count=mysql_num_rows($result);
    for($x=0;$x<$count;$x++)
    {
        $tables[$x]=mysql_tablename($result,$x);
    }
    mysql_free_result($result);
    // LOTS more comparisons here
    $exist=array_intersect($tables,$check);
    $notexist=array_diff($exist,$check);
    if(count($notexist)==0)
    {
        $notexist=FALSE;
    }
}

The problem with this approach is that performance degrades with the number of tables in the database. Using the "SELECT COUNT(*)" approach, performance only degrades with the number of tables you *care* about:

// $count is the number of tables you *need*
$count=count($check);
for($x=0;$x<$count;$x++)
{
    if(mysql_query("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM ".$check[$x],$conn)==FALSE)
    {
        $notexist[count($notexist)]=$check[$x];
    }
}
if(count($notexist)==0)
{
    $notexist=FALSE;
}

While the increase in speed here means virtually nothing to the average user who has a database-driven backend on his personal web site to handle a guestbook and forum that might get a couple hundred hits a week, it means EVERYTHING to the professional who has to handle tens of millions of hits a day... where a single extra millisecond on the query turns into more than a full day of processing time. Developing good habits when they don't matter keeps you from having bad habits when they *do* matter.
up
2
Anonymous
12 years ago
<?
/*
   Function that returns whole size of a given MySQL database
   Returns false if no db by that name is found
*/

 
function getdbsize($tdb) {
   
$db_host='localhost';
   
$db_usr='USER';
   
$db_pwd='XXXXXXXX';
   
$db = mysql_connect($db_host, $db_usr, $db_pwd) or die ("Error connecting to MySQL Server!\n");
   
mysql_select_db($tdb, $db);

   
$sql_result = "SHOW TABLE STATUS FROM " .$tdb;
   
$result = mysql_query($sql_result);
   
mysql_close($db);

    if(
$result) {
       
$size = 0;
        while (
$data = mysql_fetch_array($result)) {
            
$size = $size + $data["Data_length"] + $data["Index_length"];
        }
        return
$size;
    }
    else {
        return
FALSE;
    }
  }

?>

<?
/*
   Implementation example
*/

 
$tmp = getdbsize("DATABASE_NAME");
  if (!
$tmp) { echo "ERROR!"; }
  else { echo
$tmp; }
?>
up
1
coffee at hayekheaven dot net
13 years ago
Even though php guy's solution is probably the fastest here's another one just for the heck of it...
I use this function to check whether a table exists. If not it's created.

mysql_connect("server","usr","pwd")
    or die("Couldn't connect!");
mysql_select_db("mydb");

$tbl_exists = mysql_query("DESCRIBE sometable");
if (!$tbl_exists) {
mysql_query("CREATE TABLE sometable (id int(4) not null primary key,
somevalue varchar(50) not null)");
}
up
0
Anonymous
9 years ago
Getting the database status:
<?
// Get database status by DtTvB
// Connect first
mysql_connect   ('*********', '*********', '********');
mysql_select_db ('*********');

// Get the list of tables
$sql  = 'SHOW TABLES FROM *********';
if (!
$result = mysql_query($sql)) { die ('Error getting table list (' . $sql . ' :: ' . mysql_error() . ')'); }

// Make the list of tables an array
$tablerow = array();
while (
$row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) { $tablerow[] = $row; }

// Define variables...
$total_tables       = count($tablerow);
$statrow            = array();
$total_rows         = 0;
$total_rows_average = 0;
$sizeo              = 0;

// Get the status of each table
for ($i = 0; $i < count($tablerow); $i++) {
   
// Query the status...
   
$sql = "SHOW TABLE STATUS LIKE '{$tablerow[$i][0]}';";
    if (!
$result = mysql_query($sql)) { die ('Error getting table status (' . $sql . ' :: ' . mysql_error() . ')'); }
   
// Get the status array of this table
   
$table_info = mysql_fetch_array($result);
   
// Add them to the total results
   
$total_rows         += $table_info[3];
   
$total_rows_average += $table_info[4];
   
$sizeo              += $table_info[5];
}

// Function to calculate size of the file
function c2s($bs) {
         if (
$bs < 964)     { return round($bs)           . " Bytes"; }
    else if (
$bs < 1000000) { return round($bs/1024,2)    . " KB"   ; }
    else                    { return
round($bs/1048576,2) . " MB"   ; }
}

// Echo the result!!!!!!!!!
echo "{$total_rows} rows in {$total_tables} tables";
echo
"<br>Average size in each row: " . c2s($total_rows_average/$total_tables);
echo
"<br>Average size in each table: " . c2s($sizeo/$total_tables);
echo
"<br>Database size: " . c2s($sizeo);

// Close the connection
mysql_close();
?>
up
0
daveheslop (dave heslop)
10 years ago
Worth noting for beginners: using a row count to test for the existence of a table only works if the table actually contains data, otherwise the test will return false even if the table exists.
up
-1
NewToPHP_Guy at Victoria dot NOSPAM dot com
12 years ago
The example by PHP-Guy to determine if a table exists is interesting and useful (thanx), except for one tiny detail.  The function 'mysql_list_tables()' returns table names in lower case even when tables are created with mixed case.  To get around this problem, add the 'strtolower()' function in the last line as follows:

return(in_array(strtolower($tableName), $tables));
up
-1
mail at thomas-hoerner dot de
12 years ago
You can also use mysql_fetch_object if you consider a specialty: The name of the object-var is

Tables_in_xxxxx

where xxxxx is the name of the database.

i.e. use

$result = mysql_list_tables($dbname);
$varname="Tables_in_".$dbname;
while ($row = mysql_fetch_object($result)) {
   echo $row->$varname;
};
up
-2
kroczu at interia dot pl
8 years ago
<?
// here is a much more elegant method to check if a table exists ( no error generate)

if( mysql_num_rows( mysql_query("SHOW TABLES LIKE '".$table."'")))
{
//...
}

?>
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