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Imagick::sigmoidalContrastImage

(PECL imagick 2.0.0)

Imagick::sigmoidalContrastImageAdjusts the contrast of an image

Description

bool Imagick::sigmoidalContrastImage ( bool $sharpen , float $alpha , float $beta [, int $channel = Imagick::CHANNEL_ALL ] )

Adjusts the contrast of an image with a non-linear sigmoidal contrast algorithm. Increase the contrast of the image using a sigmoidal transfer function without saturating highlights or shadows. Contrast indicates how much to increase the contrast (0 is none; 3 is typical; 20 is pushing it); mid-point indicates where midtones fall in the resultant image (0 is white; 50 is middle-gray; 100 is black). Set sharpen to TRUE to increase the image contrast otherwise the contrast is reduced.

See also » ImageMagick v6 Examples - Image Transformations — Sigmoidal Non-linearity Contrast

Parameters

sharpen

If true increase the contrast, if false decrease the contrast.

alpha

The amount of contrast to apply. 1 is very little, 5 is a significant amount, 20 is extreme.

beta

Where the midpoint of the gradient will be. This value should be in the range 0 to 1 - mutliplied by the quantum value for ImageMagick.

channel

Which color channels the contrast will be applied to.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success.

Examples

Example #1 Create a gradient image using Imagick::sigmoidalContrastImage() suitable for blending two images together smoothly, with the blending defined by $contrast and $the midpoint

<?php

function generateBlendImage($width$height$contrast 10$midpoint 0.5) {
    
$imagick = new Imagick();
    
$imagick->newPseudoImage($width$height'gradient:black-white');
    
$quanta $imagick->getQuantumRange();
    
$imagick->sigmoidalContrastImage(true$contrast$midpoint $quanta["quantumRangeLong"]);

    return 
$imagick
}

?>

Errors/Exceptions

Throws ImagickException on error.

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acameron at theatomgroup dot com
8 months ago
The documentation for this function really isn't useful or helpful at all. "Sharpen", "Contrast" and "Midpoint" aren't the names of the params, which are referred to as "alpha" and "beta".

The Imagemagick manual entry:

For those interested, the corrected formula for the 'sigmoidal non-linearity contrast control' is...
( 1/(1+exp(β*(α-u))) - 1/(1+exp(β)) ) / ( 1/(1+exp(β*(α-1))) - 1/(1+exp(β*α)) )
Where α is the threshold level, and β the contrast factor to be applied.
The formula is actually very simple exponential curve, with the bulk of the above formula is designed to ensure that 0 remains zero and 1 remains one. That is, the graph always goes though the points 0,0 and 1,1. And the highest gradient of change is at the given threshold.

Src: http://www.imagemagick.org/Usage/color_mods/#sigmoidal

In the Imagick extension source, the function call is:

status = MagickSigmoidalContrastImageChannel(intern->magick_wand, channel, sharpen, alpha, beta);

Src: https://github.com/mkoppanen/imagick/

Referring back to the binary API call gives:

foreign import ccall "MagickSigmoidalContrastImageChannel" magickSigmoidalContrastImageChannel
  :: Ptr MagickWand
  -> ChannelType       -- ^ identify which channel to level: `redChannel`, `greenChannel`
  -> MagickBooleanType -- ^ increase or decrease image contrast
  -> CDouble           -- ^ strength of the contrast, the larger the number the more 'threshold-like' it becomes
  -> CDouble           -- ^ midpoint of the function as a color value 0 to `quantumRange`
  -> IO MagickBooleanType

Src: http://hackage.haskell.org/package/imagemagick-0.0.2/docs/src/Graphics-ImageMagick-MagickWand-FFI-WandImage.html

So the parameters should apparently be interpreted:

Sharpen:     0/1 (increase/decrease contrast)
Alpha:       Strength of the contrast (typically 3-20)
Beta:        Midpoint of the contrast (typically 50)
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